The Indonesian archipelago has been a valuable region for trade since at least the 7th century when Srivijaya and later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent.
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of more than 17,000 (seventeen thousand ) islands, including Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi, and New Guinea (Papua). Indonesia is the world’s largest island country and the 14th largest country by land area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles).
Nature and culture are prime attractions of Indonesian tourism. The former can boast a unique combination of a tropical climate, a vast archipelago, and a long stretch of beaches, and the latter complement those with a rich cultural heritage reflecting Indonesia’s dynamic history and ethnic diversity.
Despite of more than 700 local languages, the country’s official language is Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesia Language), a variant of Melayu (Malay) based on its prestige dialect, which for centuries had been the origin language of the archipelago. It was promoted by nationalists in the 1920s and achieved official status under the name Bahasa Indonesia in 1945. As a result of centuries-long contact with other languages, it is rich in local and foreign influences, including from Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Hindi, Sanskrit, Chinese, Arabic, Dutch, Portuguese and English. Nearly every Indonesian speaks the language due to its widespread use in education, academics, communications, business, politics, and mass media.
Bali or known as Island of Thousand Temple is Indonesia's main tourist destination, with a significant rise in tourism since the 1980. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali. Other international events held in Bali include the Miss World 2013 and 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. In March 2017, TripAdvisor named Bali as the world's top destination in its Traveler's Choice award.
Lombok & Gili Islands
Lombok is promoted as "an unspoiled Bali," or "Bali's sister island". Lombok has retained a more natural, less crowded island which attract travelers who come for its relaxed pace and the opportunity to explore the island's unspoiled natural environment. Other than the main island of Lombok, there are 3 Gili's (island) located in the northwest of Lombok Main Island, there are Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan. Gili means small island in the local Sasak language. These 3 islands are the most popular tourist destinations in Lombok for it's night life, under water life and beautiful beaches.
Yogyakarta is the only Indonesian royal city which still ruled by a monarchy, it is a centre for classical Javanese fine arts and culture and home to a myriad of heritage buildings, landmarks and important monuments. Because of its proximity to the Borobudur and Prambanan temples, and presence of the Javanese court Kraton culture of Kraton Yogyakarta. Malioboro street is the most popular shopping and culinary area within the city, which has pedestrian zone.
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Situated on the northwest coast of the world's most populous island of Java, it is the center of economy, culture and politics of Indonesia. The popular heritage tourism attractions are in Kota Tua (Old Batavia) and around Merdeka square. Kota Tua is the centre of old Jakarta, was named the most-visited destination in Indonesia in 2017 by Instagram. In the old ports of Sunda Kelapa, the tall-masted pinisi ships are still anchored. Other tourist attractions include the Thousand Islands, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Indonesia Miniature Park), Setu Babakan, Ragunan Zoo, Sunda Kelapa old port and the Ancol Dreamland complex on Jakarta Bay, which houses Dunia Fantasi (Fantasy World) theme park, Sea World, Atlantis Water Adventure, and Gelanggang Samudra. Thousand Islands, which is north to the coast of the city and in the Java Sea is also a popular tourist destination.
Bandung or known as City of Flower is Located 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) southeast of Jakarta. Bandung temperatures is year around much cooler than most other Indonesian cities. The colder climate of the highland plantation area, variety of food, less expensive fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the zoo, are some of the attractions of the city. Bandung is also a popular shopping destination due to the cheap textile and fashion products.